County Route 539 is known as a dangerous road. (Photo by Kimberly Bosco)
OCEAN COUNTY – It has been called one of the deadliest roads in the state. County Route 539 is a 55-mile stretch of roadway extending from Little Egg Harbor on the southern end all the way into Cranbury in Middlesex County, with speeds ranging from 30 to 55 mph. Spanning multiple counties and dozens of municipalities, CR 539 is a well-traveled thoroughfare for locals, commuters, and even tourists to the Jersey Shore.
Each year CR 539 sees hundreds of accidents, a majority of which occur along the Ocean County section of the road. Through constant police patrol and even the occasional heightened enforcement detail, the road remains one of the most dangerous in the area.
This begs the questions: what makes CR 539 so perilous and what can be done to fix this?
Route 539 Today
Just about a month ago, on Oct. 30, 2019, a 22-year-old male was killed in a crash on CR 539 in Little Egg Harbor when his car collided with a telephone pole.
Less than a month before that, on Oct. 6, 2019, a motorcyclist was killed on CR 539 in Manchester when his bike crashed into another vehicle.
On July 12, 2019, one person was left dead following an accident on CR 539 in front of the New Egypt Speedway in Plumsted.
On May 30, 2019, a motorcyclist succumbed to his injuries sustained during a serious crash on CR 539 in Plumsted earlier in the week.
On May 7, 2019, a 78-year old woman was killed when her car collided head-on with a vehicle driving the opposite direction on CR 539 in Lacey.
And these are just the fatal crashes reported. Year-to-date statistics on the total number of accidents on CR 539 are not readily available for 2019.
Addressing the Problem
Governmental officials and local and state law enforcement agree: CR 539 is a hub for accidents.
According to NJ State Police (and the reported crashes listed above), Ocean County has already seen five fatal crashes on CR 539 since the start of 2019. So far no fatal accidents have been recorded on the stretch of CR 539 that runs through Monmouth, Mercer, and Middlesex Counties.
Over the years, the road has been the focus of improvement projects and several enforcement detail programs, as it is considered “high risk” for travelers.
In 2015, the Ocean County Prosecutor’s Office teamed up with local law enforcement to conduct a crackdown on the road. According to a Patch article written post-crackdown in 2015, law enforcement in Ocean County responded to 284 crashes along the Route 539 between January 2013 and May 2015, 11 of which yielded fatalities.
In spring 2016, Ocean County conducted a $3.4 million road improvement project to a 25-mile stretch of CR 539 through the Federal Highway Administration’s High Risk Rural Road program. This project added centerline rumble strips, all-weather reflective striping, new raised pavement markers, new upgraded signage, and high friction treatment surface at six curves along with LED chevron signs.
These improvements were meant to reduce wet weather accidents, sideswipes, and crossover accidents as well as improve nighttime visibility, according to county officials.
More recently, the Ocean County Sheriff’s Department teamed up with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to conduct the Ocean County Sheriff’s Traffic Enforcement program on CR 539. This program funded Ocean County with $40,000 for extra patrols during May to September 1, 2019.
This program yielded 674 total stops, 287 summonses issued, and 22 criminal charges, according to Officer Robert Mazur of the Ocean County Sheriff’s Department. It also included the posting of several digital signboards and social media awareness posts.
“We were stopping cars for any violation…for education purposes,” Mazur told Jersey Shore Online. While not every motor vehicle stop yielded a ticket, all stops incorporated some sort of information pertaining to the rules of the road and safe driving along CR 539.
Mazur highlighted speeding and unsafe passing as the most common cause for accidents on CR 539. For the most part, the road is a two-lane highway bordered only by trees and the occasional residence or commercial location. It is only once CR 539 reaches into Plumsted that it becomes a bit more commercial, but still maintains two lanes.
Major intersections along the Ocean County portion of the road include: Route 72 in Barnegat Township, Routes 530 and 70 in Manchester, the Garden State Parkway entrance in Little Egg Harbor, and CR 528 in Plumsted.
When someone tries to pass five cars at once and finds themselves face-to-face with a tractor trailer, or when someone is speeding way over the posted 55 mph speed limit: “That’s usually how accidents happen,” Mazur added.Route 539 (Photo by Jason Allentoff)
Numbers Don’t Lie
In Ocean County, CR 539 passes through Little Egg Harbor, Stafford, Barnegat, Lacey, Manchester, Jackson and Plumsted Townships.
Jersey Shore Online reached out to the corresponding police departments for figures representing their portion of the road since January 2019.
For Stafford Township, Capt. James Vaughn reported 9 total accidents on their portion of CR 539 since the start of 2019. Of that total, none were fatal, none were due to alcohol or drugs, only one involved minor injuries, three were non-reportable “meaning there wasn’t enough damage to take a report,” and three involved a vehicle striking a deer.
“Of the remaining 3 accidents, the reports indicated ‘driver inattention.’ However, speed wasn’t documented or indicated in the reports,” said Vaughn.
Vaughn noted that Stafford Township Police patrol CR 539 on a regular basis, but they are not responsible for a large portion of the road. Most often, Stafford patrols the Warren Grove section of Stafford Township, Vaughn added.
In Lacey Township, Capt. Patrick Ganley reported 308 motor vehicle stops on CR 530 so far this year, 297 of which were for speeding. In addition:
- 6 stops for failure to maintain lane
- 2 stops for distracted driver
- 2 tailgating stops
- 1 stop for no taillights working
- 101 motor vehicle summonses issued
- 1 drug arrest
Ganley reported 14 accidents on Lacey’s portion of CR 539, one of which was fatal. Seven involved injuries, four with no injuries, one hit and run with no injuries, and one DWI related accident.
In Barnegat Township, Lt. Jason Carroll reported 11 accidents on CR 539 so far this year, none of which were fatal or involved drugs or alcohol.
“Four of the collisions were vehicle versus deer and the other seven were attributed to driver inattention or following too closely,” Carroll told Jersey Shore Online.
Barnegat Police, like Stafford, patrols their portion of CR 539 regularly and also participates in enforcement initiatives with the Ocean County Prosecutor’s Office and Sheriff’s Department.
In Manchester Township, there were 36 crashes reported this year up to Oct. 23, 27 of which had no injuries. Of these, 11 of them involved animals, most likely deer on those long stretches of tree-lined roads. They were mostly during daytime with dry conditions. The most serious one was the aforementioned fatality involving a motorcycle on Oct. 6.
“We routinely patrol County Route 539 on a daily basis,” said Sgt. Antonio Ellis. “In addition, we have participated in grant-funded traffic enforcement operations along with the Ocean County Sheriff’s Department during the summer months, specifically on County Route 539.
“There are portions of County Route 539 that are difficult for officers to safely conduct traffic stops on the northernmost and southernmost boarders with the township due to limited roadway shoulders,” he said. “We focus enforcement more near the intersections of State Highway Route 70 and County Route 530 where officers can pull over motorists in a safe location.”
In Jackson Township, CR 539 only spans about .5 miles before reaching into Plumsted, according to Capt. Steve Laskiewicz. On that small stretch of road, Jackson Police responded to two accidents this year, one due to road conditions and the other was actually in Plumsted.
Little Egg Harbor, and Plumsted Township Police Departments did not respond to Jersey Shore Online’s request for crash statistics as of press time.
On a larger scale, Officer Mazur provided crash statistics on CR 539 for the entirety of Ocean County in 2017 and 2018. Aside from the results of the Ocean County Sheriff’s Traffic Enforcement program, Mazur said comprehensive statistics of this kind were not yet available for 2019.
In 2018, there were 183 accidents on Ocean County’s CR 539, including:
- 70 due to distracted driving
- 10 due to unsafe speed
- 8 due to drowsiness
- 4 due to alcohol
- 4 due to cell phone usage
- 2 due to drugged driving
Only one of those 183 accidents was fatal and this occurred in Plumsted due to driver inattention, said Mazur. One accident involved serious injuries and 12 involved minor injuries.
In 2017, there were 190 accidents on Ocean County’s CR 539, including:
- 55 due to distracted driving
- 7 due to unsafe speed
- 3 due to drowsiness
- 7 due to alcohol
- 1 due to cell phone usage
- 2 due to drugged driving
Four of those 190 accidents were fatal and 10 involved minor injuries.
Mazur broke it down, highlighting Manchester, Plumsted, and Little Egg Harbor Townships as the municipalities with the highest number of accidents on average on this road. In 2018, Manchester saw 58; Plumsted, 57; and Little Egg Harbor, 27. In 2017, Manchester saw 67; Plumsted, 41; and Little Egg Harbor, 44.
What we can glean otherwise from the figures is that distracted driving and speeding are the most prevalent risk factors along CR 539.
A dead elephant being lifted off the tracks after it was hit by a goods train while crossing the railway tracks. Photo: Barcroft/gettyimages
Humans have been around for more than 2 million years. But in the last 44 years, we have achieved what we haven’t in all this while: a mass annihilation of our fellow earthlings. Between 1970 and 2014, Earth lost nearly 60% decline of its mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians, almost all of it due to human activity. The rate at which Earth is losing its biodiversity is comparable only to the mass extinctions. This and other findings have been published by the World Wildlife Fund in its Living Planet Report 2018, a stinging reminder of the declining health of the plane
Published by WWF every two years, the report documents the state of the planet in terms of biodiversity, ecosystems, the demand on natural resources and its impact on nature and wildlife. This year, its results are even more devastating than ever:
- 20% of the Amazon has disappeared in just 50 years
- On a global scale, the area of minimally disturbed forests declined by 92 million hectares between 2000 and 2013
- Of all species that have gone extinct since 1500 AD, 75% were harmed by overexploitation or agriculture
- Ocean acidification may be occurring at a rate not seen in at least 300 million years. The Earth is estimated to have lost 50% of its shallow water corals in the past 30 years
- Humans are responsible for releasing 100 billion tonnes of carbon into the Earth’s system every 10 years. In April 2018, levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere reached an average of 410 parts per million (ppm) across the entire month–the highest level in at least 800,000 years
- Only 25% of land on Earth is substantively free of the impacts of human activities. This is projected to decline to just 10% by 2050
The report states that as our reliance on natural reserves continues to grow, it’s clear that nature is not just a ‘nice thing to have’. It’s imperative for our survival.
Rangers saw off a rhino’s horn to make it unattractive to poachers. Photo: Alamy
A global deal for nature and people
WWF along with conservation and science colleagues around the world are calling for a new global deal between nature and people, involving decision makers at every level to make the right political, financial and consumer choices. WWF is collaborating with a consortium of almost 40 universities and organisations to launch a research initiative that will explore the critical work of putting together the best ways to save the planet.
The report says that the biggest challenge—and biggest opportunity—lies in changing our approach to development and remember that protecting nature also helps protect people.
In the words of Marco Lambertini, Director General of WWF International, “Today, we still have a choice. We can be the founders of a global movement that changed our relationship with the planet. Or we can be the generation that had its chance and failed to act. The choice is ours.”
Read the full report here.
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By Kitty Block and Sara Amundson
Sharks are now being killed 30 percent faster than they can reproduce. It is estimated that between 2000 and 2011, 16,815 metric tons of shark fins were traded worldwide. Photo by Ricardo Azoury/ostock
The U.S. House just said a decisive and resounding “no” to the terrible shark fin trade, in which fishermen cut the fins off sharks and dump them back into the waters to drown, be eaten alive by other fish, or bleed to death.
House members voted 310 to 107 to pass the Shark Fin Sales Elimination Act, H.R. 737, a bill that would end all commercial trade in the United States, including all imports, exports, trade, distribution and possession for commercial purposes of shark fins and products containing shark fins. Americans overwhelmingly oppose this brutal trade, in which fins from as many as 73 million sharks are traded globally each year. Worse, the trade — driven by a market for shark fin soup — is forcing many shark species toward extinction.
The action next moves to the Senate, where a third of the members have signed on to a parallel bill, S. 877.
While federal law already bans finning in U.S. waters, and 13 states and three U.S. territories have passed laws banning or limiting shark fin sales, our nation continues to be an end market for shark fins, with shark fin soup still appearing on the menus of some restaurants. The United States also serves as a destination for shark fins obtained on the high seas where finning is unregulated, or from countries lacking good policies or enforcement on finning.
That’s why the Humane Society of the United States and Humane Society Legislative Fund have been working so hard to secure a law that decisively ends this trade in the United States once and for all. By passing such a bill, our nation can reassert its standing as a global leader on the important issue of shark conservation. When the U.S. leads on such efforts, other countries follow, as occurred with the ivory trade.
Sharks are now being killed 30 percent faster than they can reproduce. It is estimated that between 2000 and 2011, 16,815 metric tons of shark fins were traded worldwide. This commerce is unsustainable, and some shark populations have declined by as much as 90% in recent decades, resulting in a crisis not only for sharks themselves but for the balance of ocean ecosystems.
Along with our affiliates stateside and globally through Humane Society International, we have been working to end finning. We helped enact federal laws in 2000 and 2010 that prohibited finning in U.S. waters, and we have worked in a number of states to secure the passage of laws banning or limiting the sale of shark fins, including California, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas and Washington. We are continuing to work on similar bills in other states. Three U.S. territories — American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands — also have such bans.
Earlier this year, the Canadian Parliament passed a shark fin sales ban for which HSI had vigorously advocated, and we continue to work on ending shark finning and reducing the trade and consumption of shark fins globally.
Today’s victory for sharks in the U.S. House is a proud moment for those of us who have long sought to strengthen protections for these animals, and we are especially grateful to the bill’s lead sponsors, Reps. Gregorio Kilili Camacho Sablan, D-Northern Mariana Islands, and Michael McCaul, R-Texas. We now look to the Senate, where a counterpart bill has been introduced by Sens. Cory Booker, D-N.J., and Shelley Moore Capito, R-W.Va. In April, the Senate Commerce Committee passed S. 877 with a voice vote, and we are hopeful the bill will soon be brought to the full floor for a vote.
Time is running out for sharks. These iconic predators are important in marine ecosystems and serve as key indicators of ocean health. Declining shark numbers can cause irreversible damage to fragile ocean environments and, ultimately, to our earth. By taking decisive action now, Congress — and our nation — can reverse the tide for this keystone species, and for the ecosystems that depend on them.
Sara Amundson is president of the Humane Society Legislative Fund.