Tuesday 8/11/15: As I slave away on production day, here is a buncha interesting fishing and seafood reading ... at least I find it of interest.
The coming days of west winds should usher in some fine boat, surf and bay fishing. The heat shouldn't be all that bad, either, though the westerlies will have LBI at the same temp as the mainland. Sun factor will be sky high. Use sunscreen ... and come up with a name for that disgusting clearish white pussy goop that first comes out of the sunscreen tube. Yuck.
Had another report of stolen rods and reels. I believe it was from a backyard but don't hold me to that. Mefears it was another case of the victim not having any photos, receipts, serial numbers or proof of ownership. That makes it real tough for police to follow up on. It's now cheap and easy to place video cams outside the house and inside the car, facing front and back. Even the cheaper cams can have night vision or low-light capacites. It's also remarkable how many folks don't use $20 motion-activated outdoor floodlights.
The Apex Anglers boys have continued to land some serious shark-age. I don't let on where they fish at since, number one, they don't want me to and, number 2, I don't want to direct amateurs into shark fishing situations they likely can't handle -- by that I mean they'll be unable to bring in the gray suits without over exhausting or be able to ID sharks and then properly revitalize and release them.
Apex Anglers added AJ Rotondella.
It seems like we couldn't miss this weekend! Friday night was a solo mission which resulted in consistent action all night. 5 for 8 on Sandbars to 6'. Saturday night we had Chris, Angela, and Zach with the objective to catch some bigger sharks... And catch some bigger sharks we did! Within 10 minutes of them arriving, Angela was hooked up! The fish was heavy and slow moving, though the head shakes were violent, it was surely a Sand Tiger.. A big one. It was not long before we...
Can I please go a little scientific this week? I promise it’ll be something even folks not so hot on science will find kinda cool.
I want to headily address the 80-degree ocean water temps we recently felt, arriving on the wings of hard northeast and easterly winds. I should warn that I’ll be using terms like Coriolis Effect … if not worse.
Surely many/most folks know this warm-water phenomenon is called downwelling, whereby warm surface water is blown ashore. However, one might wonder why such warm water is coming in out of the north, a colder-water region? Good wonder.
In a perfectly motionless world, wind blowing across an expanse of ocean water would travel in perfect alignment with the wind direction -- northeast winds would blow water in from, voila, the northeast.
No, you can’t leave now that’s settled.
Our planet never plays simple. Being highly rotationally-inclined, the planet constantly throws a curve into windblown ocean water.
As the Earth spins, its rotation deflects both windblown surface water and larger oceanic currents. This curving of the water flow falls under the spell of something called the Coriolis Effect. And it’s a powerful player, easily able to bend water flow by 45 degrees or more.
Just for the record book, the Coriolis Effect bends things clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. It doesn’t exist at the equator – but, hell, their water is already warm enough, right?
OK, at this point you’re thinking it’s way too nice a beach day to waste, seeing the ocean water is damn near 80 degrees. But that’s my point! All this stuff is highly LBI-oriented.
Get this: The northwest Atlantic water we’re seemingly getting from north winds is not bee-lining in, displaying Maine License plates. In fact, allowing for the Coriolis Effect, we might very well be getting surface water curving in from the east – or even a bit south, especially during protracted east winds like we just saw. The water we’re getting might very well be Gulf Stream warm. Weird, eh? Sure, there are a slew of other small eddies, local currents and vortices in play but, in the end, even smaller ocean impacts follow the Coriolis path.
Hey, since I got your attention, you just gotta check out the technical name behind the coastal phenomena we call downwelling and upwelling. As you know, upwelling is when south or west winds blow away warm ocean surface water and draw up icy deeper-down water. Downwelling of warm surface water onto our beaches was noted above..
That action is technically the Ekman spiral, a theory developed by Vagn Walfrid Ekman, whoever the hell he was. Just kidding, Ek. He was Swedish scientist who went to a lot of trouble to devise his self-named theory on water transport.
In terms far simpler than Ekman offered, it’s like a deck of cards having the top cards pushed off; up rises the deeper down cards. So, when winds blow off the ocean’s surface water, up comes the deep stuff, so much so that Ekman transport can be seen as a 90 degree transport, a rocket launch of cooler deep-down water up to the surface.
Ekman’s upwelling and downwelling play right into the hands of the Coriolis Effect, which is always at the ready to add a curve to any water Ek has sucked up.
Now was that all that hard? Now you can walk around bandying terms like Coriolis Effect and Ekman – until you’re asked to kindly lower your voice or leave the church pew you’re kneeling at.
Feeding Children Salmon Cuts Allergy Risk in Half, Says Swedish Study
SEAFOODNEWS.COM [Daily Mail] by Madlen Davies Aug 11, 2015
Children who eat oily fish like salmon and mackerel may be less likely to develop allergies later in life, according to new research.
A study found regular consumption of oily fish linked a reduced risk of allergic rhinitis, an inflammation of the inside of the nose caused by an allergen such as pollen, dust, mould or flakes of skin from certain animals.
Experts said parents should encourage their children to eat a varied and balanced diet to prevent allergies later on in life.
At the start of the study, Swedish researchers asked parents and children to complete questionnaires on how often the children consumed 98 common foods and beverages.
When it came to fish, they were asked specifically about oily varieties such as herring, mackerel and salmon, as well as less oily alternatives like cod, pollock, pike, tuna and fish fingers.
They also asked parents if their children had symptoms of rhinitis after the age of four.
These included sneezing, a runny nose, or eye symptoms after contact with furry pets or pollens.
Among the 1,590 children who didn't have rhinitis symptoms at age eight, 21 per cent of them developed allergic rhinitis and 15 per cent developed non-allergic rhinitis by age 16.
The total amount of fish a child consumed was not found to be related to the development of rhinitis between the ages of 8 and 16.
Nor did fish fingers, or the less-oily options like tuna and cod, researchers from the Karolinska Institute in Sweden found.
But eating specifically oily fish was linked to a drop in risk of allergic rhinitis by roughly half.
It was also associated with a lowered risk of non-allergic rhinitis, but not enough to rule out the possibility that the reduction was due to chance.
The researchers said that it is possible that fish consumption during infancy, or how much fish mothers ate during pregnancy might have influenced the odds that children developed rhinitis later in life, though these things weren't measured in the study.
While it's possible that fish consumption may help prevent the development of rhinitis, one expert said it could be that consumption of oily fish indicates the child had a good diet overall.
Dr Diana Di Fabio, a paediatric dietician at Cleveland Clinic Children's Hospital, who wasn't involved in the study told Reuters Health: 'Fish consumption at eight years old may simply serve as an indicator of high dietary quality.
'Children who are picky eaters may avoid foods high in omega-3 polyunsaturated fats including fish and seafood, walnuts, spinach and soybeans,' she added.
Samantha Heller, a nutritionist at New York University's Center for Musculoskeletal Care and Sports Performance added: 'Similarly, children who are more likely to consume those foods may also have a more adventurous palate and be more likely to consume a balanced diet.'
'Since we don't eat single nutrients, the take-home message is one that people hear all the time: eat more plants, less animals.'
NY Seafood Dealer Fined for Trafficking in Shark Fins
State officials say a Brooklyn-based seafood company has paid a $10,000 fine for trafficking in shark fins.
Department of Environmental Conservation Acting Commissioner Marc Gerstman announced Monday that Long Quan Seafood pleaded guilty to felony commercialization of wildlife on June 22. Gerstman says it's the first successful prosecution under a New York state law that took effect last July banning the possession, sale and distribution of shark fins.
Shark fins have high monetary and cultural value. Fishermen often slice off the shark's fin and return the fish to the water, leaving it to die. An estimated 73 million sharks are killed each year to supply the growing global demand for their fins.
Shark fin soup is popular in Chinese cuisine and is usually served at weddings and banquets.
NMFS Moves to Add Marine Mammal Rules Similar to Turtle Excluder Laws; May Ban Some Seafood Imports
SEAFOODNEWS.COM by John Sackton August 11, 2015
NOAA Fisheries has published a notice in the Federal Register today about rules for foreign seafood exporters regarding marine mammals.
Although there is a five year window for implementation, the new rules would require certification for any export fishery that interacts with marine mammals. Unless the foreign country had a program certified as effective by NMFS for reducing marine mammal bycatch mortality, exports from that fishery would be prohibited into the US.
The operation of the program appears similar to the Turtle Excluder Laws, which require tropical shrimp producing countries to certify the use of turtle excluders for wild shrimp, if they intend to export such shrimp to the US.
Over the years, exports have been suspended from some countries for failure to comply, with the most recent being Mexico whose wild shrimp exports were suspended for a year.
Fisheries that interact with marine mammals include yellowfin tuna in the Eastern Tropical Pacific, where dolphins are at risk, many longline fisheries that have marine mammal bycatch; large scale driftnet fisheries, and even potentially pot fisheries like lobster.
In the US, lobster gear has been modified to reduce whale interactions, and entanglement is recognized as the leading cause for marine mammal bycatch globally.
In order to export to the US, once the rule is fully in effect, a foreign country would have to meet the following qualifying conditions before a fishery that interacts with marine mammals could export to the US:
1. Marine mammal stock assessments that estimate population abundance for marine mammal stocks in waters under its jurisdiction that are incidentally killed or seriously injured in the export fishery;
2. An export fishery register containing a list of all vessels participating in an export fishery under the jurisdiction of the harvesting nation, including the number of vessels participating, information on gear type, target species, fishing season, and fishing area for each export fishery;
3. Regulatory requirements (e. g., including copies of relevant laws, decrees, and implementing regulations or measures) that include:
(a) A requirement for the owner or operator of vessels participating in the fishery to report all intentional and incidental mortality and injury of marine mammals in the course of commercial fishing operations; and
(b) A requirement to implement measures in export fisheries designed to reduce the total incidental mortality and serious injury of a marine mammal stock below the bycatch limit. Such measures may include: Bycatch reduction devices; incidental mortality and serious injury limits; careful release and safe-handling of marine mammals and gear removal; gear marking; bycatch avoidance gear (e. g., pingers) ; gear modifications or restrictions; or time- area closures.
4. Implementation of monitoring procedures in export fisheries designed to estimate incidental mortality and serious injury of marine mammals in each export fishery under its jurisdiction, as well as estimates of cumulative incidental mortality and serious injury for marine mammal stocks in waters under its jurisdiction that are incidentally killed or seriously injured in the export fishery and other export fisheries with the same marine mammal stock, including an indication of the statistical reliability of those estimates;
5. Calculation of bycatch limits for marine mammal stocks in waters under its jurisdiction that are incidentally killed or seriously injured in an export fishery;
6. Comparison of the incidental mortality and serious injury of each marine mammal stock or stocks that interact with the export fishery in relation to the bycatch limit for each stock; and comparison of the cumulative incidental mortality and serious injury of each marine mammal stock or stocks that interact with the export fishery and any other export fisheries of the harvesting nation showing that these export fisheries: (a) Does not exceed the bycatch limit for that stock or stocks; or
(b) Exceeds the bycatch limit for that stock or stocks, but the portion of incidental marine mammal mortality or serious injury for which the exporting fishery is responsible is at a level that, if the other export fisheries interacting with the same marine mammal stock or stocks were at the same level, would not result in cumulative incidental mortality and serious injury in excess of the bycatch limit for that stock or stocks.
The next step will be a formal comment period, after which NOAA will issue the final rule.
Below: Sports Fishing Cairns, Fishing Charters, Far North Queensland
Queensland sees Death of Local Fishing Industry as Recreational Groups shut down more Fishing Zones
SEAFOODNEWS.COM [Seafoodnews and The Observer] Aug 11, 2015
Queensland State government plans to close three more zones off the coast to all net fishing will be the final death knell for the industry, according the Queensland Seafood Industry Association.
The Queensland Seafood Industry Association (QSIA) and commercial net fishers were not consulted about the policy, said net committee chairwoman Margaret Stevenson.
“People whose jobs it affects found out about the policy a day-and-a-half before the election, ” she said.
“This is going to destroy a coastal industry. ”
Mrs Stevenson said this was a policy determined behind closed doors by select individuals in consultation with anti-net fishing lobbyists.
She said only three or four affected net fishermen were given the opportunity to meet government officials.
“They were told that implementation of the net-free zones was not open to debate, ” she said.
“Only the boundaries of the zones would be debated. ”
Mrs Stevenson said recreational fishers caught for their own use, while net fishers caught for the 85-90% of the population who did not catch all their supplies of fish.
“Comparing the number of licensed commercial fishermen with those who catch their own fish is a comparison contrived to produce only one result, ” she said.
Mrs Stevenson said Queensland now imported more than 70% of its seafood because the amount of fish supplied by Queensland fishers had been reduced over the past 20 years due to the extent of regulation and restrictions and removal of commercial fishers.
She called for a groundswell of opposition to the three additional net-free zones.
In July, more than 5000 people signed petitions calling on parliament to block legislation to implement three net-free zones off Cairns, Mackay and the Capricorn Coast. They suggest the move will affect regional employment and access to fresh, local seafood.
The paper petition urged MPs not to support the proposed net fishing bans.
“Queenslanders wish to retain their right to buy fresh local caught seafood and oppose any fishing closures. 75% of Queenslanders cannot or do not fish and rely on net fisheries to access fresh local fish, ” the petition read. “... all citizens of Queensland deserve access to fresh, wild caught Queensland seafood, ” it read. “Reduced access to fishing areas will lead to the demise of family owned commercial fishing businesses.
“This will have major negative flow-on effects to supply chain businesses, regional employment and therefore significantly impact delicate local economies. The commercial fishing sector needs to be recognised and acknowledged as an essential primary food producer that is a significant contributor to the economy. ”
In Australia, other press stories are highlighting the reliance on imported seafood. Since local seafood is now going only to the sport fish sector, the idea that Queenslanders should be upset about labeling or eating imported seafood is no longer viable.
For Natural Sunblock Breakthrough, Scientists Look to Fish
SEAFOODNEWS.COM [Wall Street Journal] RACHEL PANNETT - August 11, 2015
Scientists have developed a powerful new sun-blocking material derived from natural protective agents that evolved in fish living off Australia’s sunbaked coast.
In laboratory tests, the material was found to be twice as effective at filtering out ultraviolet radiation as traditional sunscreen compounds, said Vincent Bulone, director of the ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Cell Walls at the University of Adelaide in Australia.
The development, reported recently in the American Chemical Society journal Applied Materials & Interfaces, could lead to new sun creams made of all natural ingredients and to coatings that protect products from degrading in sunlight, such as outdoor furniture and car dashboards, Dr. Bulone said.
“The material theoretically outperforms everything that is available on the market in terms of protection against UV radiations,” said Dr. Bulone, a co-author of the report. “It protects from both UVA and UVB radiations with an absorption capacity higher than the typical products used already in sunscreen creams.”
The research team, including scientists from Sweden, Spain and Australia, used organic compounds called mycosporines that fish species living on Australia’s Great Barrier Reef produce to help protect their eyes and tissues from sun damage. Previous studies identified the UV-absorbing properties of mycosporines. But the latest research managed to set the compounds in combination with chitosan, a polymer derived from crustacean shells and insects.
So far, the material has been used to create a clear film whose properties have been tested in the lab. It can also be formed into emulsions and gels that are nontoxic and resistant to moderate amounts of heat and don’t easily wash off in water. The material is odorless, despite its origin in mucus from reef fishes, algae and fish eye lenses.
Chitosan is currently used for biomedical applications, such as wound dressing, and mycosporines have been shown in other scientific studies to be safe, Dr. Bulone said.
Diona Damian, a dermatology professor at the University of Sydney who wasn’t involved in the research, said she was encouraged that the new sun-blocking material appeared to be relatively photo-stable, meaning it doesn’t degrade when the first UV ray hits the skin. However, the material hasn’t yet been tested in real-life situations. “Whether the UV that a fish is getting through the water is relevant to the UV that you get above the water at the beach is a whole different matter,” Dr. Damian said.
Exposure to UV rays is a major cause of skin cancer, the most common cancer in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Australia, one of the world’s sunniest countries with famous beaches like Sydney’s Bondi, has some of the highest skin-cancer rates in the world. It also has an abundance of fish species, especially on the Great Barrier Reef—a World-Heritage-listed network of about 3,000 reefs and 900 coral islands along the country’s northeast coast that attracts about two million visitors a year.
UV-absorbing mycosporines are prevalent in many fish species in tropical and subtropical waters, including the black marlin (Istiompax indica), popular with commercial and recreational fishers, and the Violetline Maori Wrasse (Oxycheilinus digrammus), found on the Great Barrier Reef and known for its distinctive purple lines across the cheek.
Sun-blocking products based on mycosporines would have advantages over many synthetic products currently available, Dr. Bulone said. “These agents are not always friendly to the environment because some of them are chemical organic compounds produced through unfriendly chemical approaches. In addition, their regular use may have an impact on human health in the long term,” he said.
Above: Off Cape Cod ... www.boston.com
Shark Biologists Note Abundance of Great Whites off Cape Cod
SEAFOODNEWS.COM [Boston Globe] by Steve Annear - August 11, 2015
When researchers are out bobbing in a boat off Cape Cod, scouting for sharks, there is not much down time.
The crew, which includes Greg Skomal, a senior biologist with the state Division of Marine Fisheries, is always preparing for a shark sighting and checking high-tech devices to see if any large animals may be lurking under the waves.
But when they come into contact with more than a dozen great white sharks in a single day, as they did on a trip Thursday, the pace quickens and all hands are on deck, said Cynthia Wigren, president of the Atlantic White Shark Conservancy.
Conservancy members and Skomal found themselves darting back and forth in a small vessel off the Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge in Chatham, chasing down leads on sightings that were called in from a spotter plane.
During the 4½-hour excursion, researchers identified 16 sharks in different spots off the shoreline, and received a ping from a 17th that had an acoustic tag attached to its fin during a previous encounter.
“It was a lot,” said Wigren. “It was a very busy day for us.”
Wigren said the number of sightings set a record for the season.
At one point during the day, the pilot flying above Wigren’s boat located seven great whites spread out in the area, all within the pilot’s view.
“This was the biggest day of the season in terms of the number of sharks that were identified,” Wigren said. “We even had two sharks that swam by the boat at the same time, one from one direction and one from the other.”
The conservancy and Skomal go out twice a week in the summer to track sharks. Typically, they see five to 10 sharks per trip.
On Monday, they returned to the same spot, but with large swells and murky waters, they were able to spot only seven sharks.
“Swells make it difficult for the vessel captain to stay next to a shark, as he is also maneuvering through waves,” Wigren said.
While no sharks were tagged during either trip — the setting and timing need to be perfect in order for Skomal to pin a tag — researchers recorded underwater footage of each of the encounters.
The footage is sent back to land, and the sharks are given nicknames before they are catalogued by experts. Last September, researchers saw 16 sharks in the same area on two occasions.
Wigren said because of the high activity they have seen this season, the number of sightings could grow even larger next month.
“We will see what the rest of the season holds,” she said. “Maybe there is some reason the activity is higher this year.
U.S. Consumers Missing Out on the Health Benefits of Seafood
SEAFOODNEWS.COM [SeafoodNews] - August 10, 2015 -
U.S. consumers are missing out on the health benefits of seafood. That’s the conclusion of two recent U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) studies that found the amount of seafood being eaten by consumers are inadequate to meet federal dietary guidelines and reduce incidents of leading preventable diseases, such as heart disease.
The Seafood Nutrition Partnership, whose core mission is to educate Americans about the critical health benefits of eating seafood, strongly supports the findings of the studies conducted by researchers at the USDA’s Agricultural Research Service (ARS). The Partnership issued a statement saying:
"We know eating seafood containing healthy omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals just two times a week, which is recommended by the USDA’s Dietary Guidelines for Americans, can reduce a person’s risk of cardiovascular disease by at least 36 percent. However, a ARS study found that an alarming 80 to 90 percent of U.S. consumers did not meet dietary seafood recommendations.
"A second USDA study explored seafood consumption’s link to heart health, and found consistent evidence supporting reduced risk of heart disease due particularly to eating oily fish. The study concluded that getting the message of the health benefits of eating seafood to consumers is key, and suggested a public education program was the best way to do so.
"That recommendation matches the mission and efforts undertaken by the Seafood Nutrition Partnership’s public health education campaign launching this October, National Seafood Month."
In 2014, the Seafood Nutrition Partnership conducted pilot public health education programs in Indianapolis, Indiana and Memphis, Tennessee to educate local citizens about the essential health benefits of eating seafood and build skills to incorporate healthy fats from seafood and nutrient dense foods into daily meals.
The success of these programs led to expansion of this grassroots, public health education campaign this fall to eight U.S. cities, featuring cooking demonstrations, free health screenings for omega-3 levels, and distribution of health education literature and recipes.
Through these efforts, The Seafood Nutrition Patnership aims to build awareness about the essential nutritional and health benefits from eating seafood, help Americans gain the skills to select, order, and prepare fish and shellfish and inspire a healthier America by promoting a nutrient-rich diet centered around seafood.
Ok so this is the first I got some mods to do. But my question is. Keeper or not?
Who needs this ...
When you can have this ????