Yang described the inauguration of the Observatory as “an important event,” recalling that the IAEA “is a member of the United Nations family, founded in 1957, an organization which works with member states – such as Cuba – to promote the peaceful use of atomic energy and its utilization for development and in the field of environmental protection: one of the most important in regards to cooperation.
“The Cuban government attaches great importance to environmental protection and I know that there are many capable scientists working on their own national projects in this field, and our organization – through its technical cooperation efforts – has supported this commitment, and I am very pleased to learn that said support has been useful and has contributed to these efforts,” stated the Deputy Director General.
Alain Muñoz Caravaca, representing the Cienfuegos Environmental Research Center noted that the brand-new scientific institution represents “a new strength and the challenge is now to create new knowledge products through the information collected by its technology, guarantee its full exploitation and as such contribute to our ability to better read the signs and propose suitable adaptation or mitigation measures for local and national conditions.”
Over the past 15 years, CEAC has contributed to the resolution of national development problems and to the study of complex processes of global scope, such as acidification and sea level rise, harmful algal blooms, watershed salinization and the transport of contaminants in these environmental systems.
The inauguration took place in the context of activities for World Water Day, which this year draws attention to the importance of fresh water and the sustainable management of water resources.
Following the inauguration, the IAEA delegation visited the Fortress of Our Lady of the Angels of Jagua, now a museum, and had a meeting with residents of Castillo de Jagua, a community of fishermen who are working with CEAC on the study of coastal areas.
The Fortress is located at the entrance of the bay of Cienfuegos, in a community with strong maritime traditions. It is the only Spanish military fortress, built at the end of the XVIII century renaissance style. It was declared a National Monument on October 10, 1978 and inaugurated as a museum on March 24, 1998.
Ocean acidification refers to a reduction in the ocean’s pH levels over an extended period of time, making it more acidic and negatively impacting marine flora and fauna. According to the IAEA, the current acidity rate of the planet’s oceans may be without precedent in our known history.
Worldwide Industry, NGOs Advocate for Policy Changes in Tuna Fisheries in 2017
SEAFOODNEWS.COM [SeafoodNews] - March 23, 2017
Washington, DC – A diverse, global group of commercial and non-profit organizations has joined the International Seafood Sustainability Foundation’s (ISSF) call for immediate improvements on tuna management, including developing harvest strategies, strengthening monitoring, control and surveillance tools, and improving the management of fish aggregating devices (FADs).
A March 21 outreach letter to four tuna Regional Fishing Management Organizations (RFMO) was co-signed by 83 nongovernment organizations, tuna processing companies, fleet associations, retailers, importers and food service operators. The RFMOs are IATTC (Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission), ICCAT (International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas), IOTC (Indian Ocean Tuna Commission), and WCPFC (Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission).
These groups manage tuna fisheries in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. In 2015, more than 4.8 million tonnes of tuna were harvested, as reported in ISSF’s recent Status of the Stocks report.
Harvest strategies are based on science-based frameworks that include guidelines and limits for fishing vessels. The tools for monitoring, control, and surveillance include human observers, satellite vessel monitoring systems, electronic monitoring systems on vessels, and data collection and dissemination.
The ISSF-coordinated joint outreach letter urges the RFMOs to:
- Developprecautionary harvest strategies, including specific timelines to adopt target reference points, harvest control rules and other elements
- Where it is not already in place, require 100%observer coverage for all purse seine fishing vessels and all at-sea transshipment activities
- Identify and sanction non-compliance with the existing mandatory 5% observer coverage requirement for longline vessels
- Develop and adopt standards for electronic reporting and electronic monitoring, for all major fishing gear types, and modernize vessel monitoring systems
- Develop science-based recommendations for managingFADs (fish aggregating devices), including for stock assessments
- Adopt measures for usingnon-entangling FAD designs, to protect sharks and other non-target species
The letter requests that the above points are addressed in 2017.
The letter’s 83 signatories are:
Ahold Delhaize (Global)
Aldi North (Global)
Aldi South (Global)
American Albacore Fishing Association
American Bird Conservancy
Anova Seafood, BV
Auchan Retail (Global)
Bumble Bee Seafoods
Caterers Choice (UK)
Coop Italia (IT)
Coop Trading (All Scandinavia)
Environmental Defense Fund
Grupo Conservas Garavilla (Isabel)
Grupo Maritimo Industrial (Grupomar)
Herdez del Fuerte
IUCN SSC Tuna & Billfish Specialist Group
M & J Seafood (UK)
Marks & Spencer (UK)
Monterey Bay Aquarium
New England Seafood International (UK)
Ocean Harvesters Operative
Pacific Alliance for Sustainable Tuna (PAST)
Pick N Pay (South Africa)
REWE GROUP (Global)
SEAPAC (a subsidiary of Kingfisher)
Spar (South Africa)
Sustainable Fish Cities
Sustainable Fisheries Partnership
Thai Union Europe
The Nature Conservancy
Thunnus Overseas Group/Conserveries des Cinq Océans
Tunago Fishery, Ltd.
Woolworths (South Africa)
The International Seafood Sustainability Foundation (ISSF) is a global coalition of scientists, the tuna industry and World Wildlife Fund (WWF) — the world’s leading conservation organization — promoting science-based initiatives for the long-term conservation and sustainable use of tuna stocks, reducing bycatch and promoting ecosystem health. To learn more, visit http://iss-foundation.org/.